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Posted by / 07-Dec-2017 17:34

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Supremacy of judiciary is another very important feature of a federal state where there is an independent judiciary to interpret the Constitution and to maintain its sanctity.

The Supreme Court of India has the original jurisdiction to settle disputes between the Union and the States.

It can declare a law as unconstitutional, if it contravenes any provision of the Constitution.

In spite of the fact that the Indian Constitution establishes a federal structure, it is indeed very difficult to put the Indian Constitution in the category of a true federation.

In a true federation such as that of United State of America every State irrespective of their size in terms of area or population it sends two representatives in the upper House i.e. In addition to all this, all important appointments such as the Chief Election Commissioner, the Comptroller and Auditor General are made by the Union Government. There is no provision for separate Constitutions for the states.

The States cannot propose amendments to, the Constitution.

In a federal set up there is a two tier of Government with well assigned powers and functions.

However, in addition to this process, some amendments must be approved by at least 50% of the states.

A unitary system is governed constitutionally as one single unit, with one constitutionally created legislature. A unitary state is a sovereign state governed as one single unit in which the central government is supreme and any administrative divisions (sub national units) exercise only powers that the central government chooses to delegate.

This is one of the federal features of the Indian constitution.

The procedure of amending the Constitution in a federal system is normally rigid.

Indian Constitution provides that some amendments require a special majority.

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This enables the Union government to exercise control over the State administration.